Prevent Undergoing Dialysis via Stage 3 Kidney Disease Diet

Chronic Kidney Disease and Dialysis

Chronic Kidney disease is considered as one of the major health problems affecting people all over the world. CKD is presented in 5 different stages and these stages are based on the person’s glomerular filtration rate or GFR. GFR is the measurement of the kidney’s capability to strain fluid and eradicate wastes from the blood. Focusing on the stage 3 CKD, people with stage 3 CKD are further broken down to 2 classes: the stage 3A wherein the GFR is between the range of 45-59 mL/min and stage 3B where the GFR is between the ranges of 30-44 mL/min. The determination of the GFR is important considering that once the measurement of the said factor is acquired, the doctor will now be able to ascertain the appropriate Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3 Diet for you. Likewise, your dietician will also be able to provide you with the proper foods to take and aid you on how to properly go about your stage 3 kidney disease diet.

As to treatments, there are several options that a kidney patient can go for when it comes to relieving their condition or in ways improving their state of health. There are major and minor medical treatments such as dialysis and transplants. Dialysis is a medical procedure of which it removes wastes and excess fluid from the blood. Since kidney patients’ kidneys are not performing in its utmost condition, this treatment is done as an artificial replacement for the absent kidney function in a renal disease.

Though dialysis may provide a promising hope for kidney patients, this process can be prevented if you are able to stop the aggravation of the disease and this is surely achievable with the application of the right nutritional philosophy. Eating the proper foods can be an effective way in the prevention of major medical operations or treatments. By having the right Stage 3 kidney disease diet, you will be able to maintain your wellbeing and control the other important elements in your fitness such as your blood and glucose/sugar rate which if not looked after, will be major contributors in the worsening of the disease such as diabetes and hypertension.

Diet goals for stage 3 kidney patients

The kidneys in a stage 3 CKD is still able to adequately perform the removal of water, potassium and a fair amount of waste. Nonetheless, taking into account the vital stage, there are important things to be done such as the management of several aspects in your diet which includes:

  • Blood pressure
  • Weight
  • Vitamins
  • Lipids
  • Hormones
  • Minerals
  • Glucose

Be it noted that every kidney patient is different to that of the other. The needs that one patient have does not necessarily entails the same needs to the other patient. Each patient has his or her recommended foods to take as well as the nutrients that should be focused on its diet.

In a stage 3 CKD meal program, there are several nutrients that should be targeted on and these are:

  1. Protein: ~0.8 g/kg

Protein is essential in our bodies. Some of the important functions that it performs are the building of body mass as well as maintaining it and fighting infections too. In certain cases, the protein needs of a kidney patient may be comparable to that of an individual without any kidney ailment. However, it should be put in mind that too much protein can lead to the straining of the kidneys and speed up its deterioration. With this, a CKD stage 3 diet recommends the minimal protein intake. A clear illustration of this will be:

1 serving = 1 ounce = 7 grams protein

FOOD CHOICE                                                                                   SERVING PORTION

  1. Poultry, fish, beef pork, veal (fresh or frozen)                                   1 ounce
  2. Egg (or 2 egg whites or ¼ cup sub) 1 large
  3. Canned salmon, cottage cheese, tuna, fresh shellfish: ¼ cup

Crab, lobster, oyster, clams

  1. Tofu ½ cup
  2. Shrimp 5 large
  1. Sodium: 2000 mg

Sodium is a mineral that helps in regulating the fluid content of our bodies. Too much sodium can cause water retention, which can eventually increase the blood volume. An increase in the blood volume can lead to high blood pressure and swelling. An appropriate sodium intake in a day will be less than 2000mg.

Since sodium content is almost present in every food, it is vital for any kidney patient to be cautious to these hidden sodium contents in foods and to make it a habit to always read food labels. Limit your intake on these kinds of foods or choose those that have low sodium content.

Foods to limit – High Sodium Content

  • SNACK FOODS
  • Popcorn
  • Nuts
  • Pretzels
  • Potato Chips
  • and other salted snacks

 

  • CONDIMENTS
  • Soy sauce
  • Steak sauce
  • BBQ sauce
  • gravy
  • other sauce mixes

 

  • CURED, CANNED, SMOKED / PROCESSED MEATS AND FISH
  • Lunch meats
  • Ham
  • Bacon
  • Hotdogs
  • Anchovies
  • Lox
  • Sausages
  • CHEESE
  • CANNED ENTREES AND SOUPS
  • Bouillon
  • Broth

 

  • CONVENIENCE FOODS
  • Instant noodle/ rice
  • Stuffing / Casserole Mixes

 

  • FAST FOODS
  • Hamburgers
  • Pizzas
  • Tacos
  • Chinese Foods

 

  • PICKED VEGETABLES
  • Pickles
  • Relishes
  • Olives
  1. Potassium: 2000 mg

Potassium is an essential mineral needed by our bodies for our nerves and muscles to work efficiently. However, if there is an occurrence of excess potassium in the blood, it can lead to disturbance in the muscles or nerves. The cardiac muscle might be affected which can cause serious health condition such as irregular heart rhythm or could lead to even worse conditions. Since the state of CKD patients are crucial, it is important that the potassium level of a kidney patient is considered at all times taking into account the decreasing functionality of the kidneys.

Low- Potassium Foods

FRUITS:

  • Apple
  • Grapes
  • Fruit Cocktail
  • Apple juice
  • Grapefruit
  • Honeydew melon
  • Lemons and Limes
  • Mangoes
  • Papayas
  • Pears

VEGETABLES

  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Cauliflower
  • Kale
  • Lettuce
  • Green Beans
  • Summer Squash
  • Corn
  • Mushrooms (fresh)
  • Okra
  1. Phosphorus: Not more than 800 mg

Phosphorus, like all other minerals is also needed in our bodies and is found in the bones. It is associated with calcium thus; it is responsible for bone strengthening. But for a CKD patient, this mineral should be limited on its diet. Too much phosphorus can be alarming especially for CKD patients of which too much of this mineral may build up in the blood and will be difficult to handle considering the deficiency of its kidney functions.

Phosphorus can be found in many foods especially protein-rich foods and these should be limited in consumption for kidney patients. Avoiding the consumption of foods with phosphorus additives can be a great help in maintaining your normal phosphorus level.

 

Foods to limit – High in Phosphorus

  • Meat, Poultry, Fish – 2-3 ounces
  • Dairy Foods
  • Milk, ice cream – 1 cup
  • Cheese – 1 ounce
  • Yogurt, Pudding – ½ cup
  • Beans, lentils, nuts – ½ cup
  • Nut butters – 1 ounce
  • Bran and whole grain foods
  • 1 slice bread, ½ bun, ½ cup cooked rice, cereal. oatmeal
  • Colas – 1 cup
  • Chocolate – 1.5 ounces

 

Low Phosphorus Foods:

  • Fresh Fruits
  • Fresh Vegetables
  • Rice milk (un-enriched)
  • White breads
  • Pasta
  • Corn
  • Rice cereals
  • Light colored sodas

 

Though these minerals in its general aspects are indispensable in the bodies to function well, nonetheless, these minerals should be limited when the kidneys are not working well. CKD patients should limit the intake of foods rich in these minerals subject to the doctor’s recommendations. With the help of your doctor and dietician, you will be able to have a CKD diet  that will work perfectly for you. Engaging in a suitable Stage 3 Kidney Disease Diet can assist you in your journey towards a healthier fitness and most importantly with its proper application and employment of the diet, major medical treatments would be unnecessary.